[Global Times reporter Zhao Juehui] Since the first positive case of the new coronavirus nucleic acid test was reported in early September, the current round of confirmed cases in Fujian has exceeded one hundred. According to a notification from Fujian Province, as of 8 o'clock on the 14th, the province has reported a total of 139 local positive infections, including 120 confirmed cases (75 in Putian, 12 in Quanzhou, and 33 in Xiamen), and 19 asymptomatic infections. (All in Putian City). On the 14th, Xiamen City and Putian City in Fujian Province announced the launch of nucleic acid testing for all employees in the city.
It is worth noting that a large number of students have appeared in the infected population this time, which makes how to improve the school's epidemic prevention capabilities, including "whether children should be vaccinated" has become a topic of concern from all walks of life.
In this round of the epidemic, Putian Xianyou Putou Primary School, Xiesheng Shoe Factory, and a handicraft company in Xiamen Tongan became key sites for the spread of the epidemic. Among them, Putou Primary School, Fengting Central Primary School and other schools have experienced teacher and student infections. As of 24:00 on the 13th, 36 students have been infected in Putian, including 30 children under the age of 10. This situation is particularly concerned, and it also shows that schools have become a weak link in epidemic prevention and control.
Wu Haiduan, the county magistrate of Xianyou County, Putian City, revealed in an interview with the media on the evening of the 13th that the current situation is relatively severe, which is reflected in two aspects: one is the rapid spread of the virus, and the other is that the infected population is mainly concentrated in elementary school students and middle-aged and elderly people. The oldest case is 84 years old, and the youngest is only 5 years old.
According to information disclosed by local officials, Xianyou County of Putian found that two samples tested positive on the evening of September 9 when they routinely carried out “timely sampling” of 10% nucleic acid every half a month for school students after school started. This is also the first time that the new crown pneumonia epidemic was discovered in schools. Some analysts believe that the source of the epidemic is suspected to be the chain of infection caused by Singaporean immigrant Lin Moujie. He began home health monitoring on August 26, and the local school opened on August 30, which means that the virus is likely to have been It was concealed and spread within the school for 10 days. At present, all primary and secondary schools in Putian (except for the third grade with accommodation and closed management conditions), kindergartens, and various education and training institutions have all suspended offline teaching.
Although this round of the epidemic in Putian first appeared on the campus, it did not mean that there was a major error in the epidemic prevention work on the local campus. According to media statistics, before the start of the fall semester, schools across the country conducted nucleic acid testing before the start of school, and promoted nucleic acid testing "should be checked and checked." The practice of "timely sampling" after the school started only appeared in Fujian Province.
Jin Dongyan, a professor at the School of Biomedical Sciences at the University of Hong Kong, believes that the "timely sampling" approach is a very advanced approach in the school's epidemic prevention work, and it actually makes up for the loopholes in foreign imports. However, Jin Dongyan also urged in an interview with the Global Times reporter on the 14th that the management of school epidemic prevention should be further strengthened, because the school where students gather can easily become the center of virus transmission, and because many students live with grandparents, it may also be possible. Bring a greater risk of infection to the elderly.
Jiang Qingwu, an epidemiologist, also said in an interview with the media, “In the past, children were a group that was relatively easy to be ignored. New coronary pneumonia had occurred relatively low among them before, mainly because the source of infection did not enter.” He believes To some extent, student groups are more susceptible, because they gather in classrooms to study, and may be more intensive than other groups. "For the student group, it is not an exaggeration to strengthen the prevention. Once the source of infection comes in, it is like a fire falling into the woods, which is very dangerous."
At the same time, dozens of students were infected by the new crown virus in this epidemic, and it also made the society aware of the necessity of implementing the new crown vaccine for minors. A teacher from a primary school in Beijing’s Haidian District told the Global Times reporter on the 14th that after the Putian epidemic, some parents took the initiative to ask the school when they could vaccinate their children with the new crown vaccine. Many parents had concerns about this before.
Starting in July this year, vaccinations against the new crown for people aged 12-17 have been launched across the country. Take Beijing as an example. The city has already started vaccination for high school (15-17 years old) people on July 20, and started vaccination for junior high school (12-14 years old) people in early August. However, all localities have not yet begun to vaccinate people aged 3-12 years.
Previously, some analysts believed that minors are not susceptible to the new crown, but Wang Huaqing, chief expert of the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's immunization program, said last month that the awareness of children infected with the new crown virus has been constantly updated recently. In general, children and adolescents are susceptible to the new coronavirus. Professor Yang Zhanqiu of the Institute of Virology of Wuhan University Medical Department also emphasized in an interview with the Global Times reporter on the 14th that vaccination can reduce the spread of the virus and symptoms, and people aged 3-12 should also be vaccinated.
In June of this year, the new crown inactivated vaccines developed by the Beijing Institute of Sinopharm and Beijing Kexing Zhongwei were approved by the drug regulatory department and can be vaccinated for people aged 3-17. In an interview with the Global Times reporter at the end of August, Zhang Yuntao, chief scientist and vice president of Sinopharm, said that from clinical trials and current vaccination data, inactivated vaccines are very safe for people aged 3-17. Zhang Yuntao believes that the vaccination of this group of people should be strengthened, because most of them are students, and the school personnel are relatively concentrated, and it is very important to provide them with protection.
A domestic immunology expert told the Global Times reporter on the 14th that due to the overall arrangement of my country’s new crown vaccination, there is currently no vaccination for people aged 3-12, but the conditions are available in terms of technology and ability. Vaccination can be carried out for elementary school students. The expert emphasized that all the vaccines currently approved for use by minors in my country are inactivated vaccines, and their safety has been verified by clinical trials and real-world studies. Parents should not have too much worry, as long as there are no serious diseases, Allergy to vaccine components is contraindicated. Vaccination for minors is as safe and effective as adults.
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